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Central Region’s Cheese Production Tops 5 Billion Pounds; West Region’s Share Of US Cheese Production Rises

See entire Dairy Production Extra

US cheese production set another new record in 2014, with the top five cheese-producing states all setting new production records and the Central region topping 5.0 billion pounds of cheese production for the first time.

Cheese production last year totaled a record 11.45 billion pounds, up 3.1 percent, or 348.4 million pounds, from 2013, according to “Dairy Products 2013 Summary,” which was released late last month by USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS).

US cheese production has now topped 11 billion pounds for two straight years, has increased by more than a billion pounds since 2010 (when it totaled 10.443 billion pounds), and hasn’t declined since 1991, when output of 6.05 billion pounds was down about 4.6 million pounds from 1990.

There were a total of 536 plants producing cheese in the US last year, four more than in 2013, 134 more than in 2000 and the most plants producing cheese in the US since 1989.

Central’s Output Tops 5 Billion Pounds, But Share Declines
Cheese production in the Central region last year totaled a record 5.062 billion pounds, up 1.8 percent, or 88.7 million pounds, from 2013 and the first time a single region topped 5.0 billion pounds in cheese output.
However, the Central region’s share of US cheese production last year, 44.2 percent, was down from 44.8 percent in 2013, 45.2 percent in 2012, 48.4 percent in 2000 and 64.9 percent in 1991 (the first year for which regional production statistics are available).
There were 229 plants producing cheese in the Central region last year, four fewer than in 2013.

The West’s cheese production last year was a record 4.973 billion pounds, up 6 percent, or 280 million pounds, from 2013. The West’s cheese production has grown by more than a billion pounds since 2005, and has more than doubled since 1996.
The West’s share of US cheese production last year was 43.4 percent, up from 42.3 percent in 2013, 42.0 percent in 2012, 35.5 percent in 2000 and 19.8 percent in 1991.
There were 103 plants producing cheese in the West region last year, four fewer than in 2013.

Cheese production in the Atlantic region last year totaled 1.415 billion pounds, down 1.4 percent from 2013.
The Atlantic region’s share of US cheese production last year was 12.4 percent, down from 12.9 percent in 2013, 12.8 percent in 2012, 16 percent in 2000 and 15.3 percent in 1991.
There were 204 plants producing cheese in the Atlantic region last year, 14 more than in 2013.

Wisconsin, California Set Records; Production Gap Falls
Both Wisconsin and California set new cheese production records in 2014, although Wisconsin’s production increase from 2013 was smaller than California’s on both a percentage basis and on a quantity basis.

And the gap between cheese production in the two states narrowed again in 2014, to 466 million pounds, down from 543 million pounds in 2013 and 543.2 million pounds in 2012 but up from 290 million pounds in 2011 and 418.6 million pounds in 2009.

Wisconsin’s 2014 cheese production totaled a record 2.91 billion pounds, up 1.9 percent from 2013. Wisconsin has now set a new cheese production in 13 consecutive years; the last time the state didn’t set a new record was in 2001, when the state’s cheese output of 2.133 billion pounds was down about 59 million pounds from 2000.
Wisconsin’s share of US cheese production last year was 25.4 percent, down from 25.7 percent in 2013 and 25.6 percent in 2012, up from 24.9 percent in 2011, but down from 26.6 percent in 2000, 31.5 percent in 1990, 43 percent in 1970 and 46.8 percent in 1950.
There were 127 plants producing cheese in Wisconsin last year, unchanged from 2013.

California’s 2014 cheese production totaled a record 2.444 billion pounds, up 5.7 percent from 2013 and the second straight
year in which California set a new cheese production record.
California’s share of US cheese production last year was 21.3 percent, up from 20.8 percent in 2013, 20.6 percent in 2012, 21.2 percent in 2011, 18.1 percent in 2000, 11.6 percent in 1990 and 4.6 percent in 1980.
There were 60 plants producing cheese in California last year, four fewer than in 2013.

Idaho, New York, New Mexico All Set New Production Records
Idaho continues to rank third nationally in cheese production. Last year, Idaho’s cheese production was a record 895.2 million pounds, up 2.7 percent from 2013 and the third straight year in which Idaho set a new cheese production record.
Idaho’s share of United States cheese production last year was 7.8 percent, down from 7.9 percent in 2013 and 2012, but up from 7.1 percent in 2000 and 2.9 percent in 1990.
There were nine plants producing cheese in Idaho last year, one fewer than in 2013.

New York’s cheese production last year totaled a record 784.7 million pounds, up 0.9 percent from 2013 and the third straight year in which New York set a new production record.
New York’s share of US cheese production last year was 6.9 percent, down from 7 percent in 2013, unchanged from 2012 and 2011, and down from 7.1 percent in 2010 and 8.8 percent in 2000.
There were 59 plants producing cheese in New York last year, four more than in 2013.

New Mexico’s 2014 cheese production was a record 758.7 million
pounds, up 1 percent from the previous year.
New Mexico’s cheese production has roughly quadrupled since 1997, the first year the state’s cheese output was reported by NASS (it totaled 189.7 million pounds that year).
New Mexico’s share of US cheese production last year was 6.6 percent, down from 6.8 percent in 2013, 6.9 percent in 2012 and 7 percent in 2011, but up from 6 percent in 2009 and 2.6 percent in 1997.
There were four plants producing cheese in New Mexico last year, unchanged from 2013.

Output Up In MN, OH, But Down In PA, IA, SD
Minnesota’s 2014 cheese production totaled 666.5 million pounds, up 0.8 percent from 2013 and the state’s highest level of cheese output since 2000, when it reached a record high of 693.1 million pounds.
Minnesota’s share of US cheese production last year was 5.8 percent, down from 6.0 percent in 2013, unchanged from 2012 but down from 8.4 percent in 2000 and 10.9 percent in 1989.
There were 10 manufacturing plants producing cheese in Minnesota last year.
There were 11 plants producing cheese in Minnesota in 2013.

Pennsylvania’s cheese production last year totaled 415.8 million pounds. Production was down 2.6 percent from 2013’s record output.
Pennsylvania’s share of US cheese output last year was 3.6 percent, down from 3.8 percent in 2013.
There were 43 plants producing cheese in Pennsylvania last year, six more than in 2013.

Iowa’s 2014 cheese production totaled 263.63 million pounds, down 1.4 percent from 2013. Iowa’s share of US cheese production last year was 2.3 percent, down from 2.4 percent in 2013.
There were 10 plants producing cheese in Iowa last year, unchanged from 2013.

South Dakota’s 2014 cheese production totaled 263.62 million pounds, down 0.5 percent from 2013.
South Dakota’s share of US cheese production in 2014 was 2.3 percent, down from 2.4 percent in 2013.
There were seven manufacturing plants producing cheese in South Dakota last year, one more than in 2013.

Cheese production in Ohio last year totaled 202.4 million pounds, up 3 percent from 2013.
It was the highest cheese production level since 2010. That year Ohio’s cheese production reached a record 207.7 million pounds.
Ohio’s share of US cheese production last year was 1.8 percent, unchanged from 2013.

There were 20 plants producing cheese in Ohio last year, one fewer than in 2013.

Vermont’s 2014 cheese production totaled 123.5 million pounds, down 3 percent from 2013.
Vermont’s share of United States cheese production last year was 1.1 percent, unchanged from 2013.
There were 29 plants producing cheese in Vermont last year, two more than in 2013.

Cheese production in Illinois last year totaled 75.1 million pounds, up 15.4 percent from 2013.
The state’s share of national cheese output last year was 0.7 percent, up from 0.6 percent in 2013.
There were 10 plants producing cheese in Illinois last year, unchanged from 2013.

Finally, cheese production in all other states last year totaled 1.646 billion pounds, up 8.1 percent from 2013.
Last year, all other states accounted for 14.4 percent of US cheese production, up from 13.7 percent in 2013.
There were 148 plants producing cheese in all other states last year, unchanged from 2013.